Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

LEUCANTHEMUM vulgare

Image of Leucanthemum vulgare

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

LEUCANTHEMUM vulgare

Plant Common Name

Oxeye Daisy

General Description

Grown for its white daisies that appear relatively early in the season, this rhizomatous perennial is a common wildflower of European and West Asian grasslands. It is widely naturalized in the United States.

Spreading mats of dark green, lobed or toothed, spoon-shaped leaves give rise in late spring to erect stems topped with yellow-eyed white daisies. Flowering continues for 2 or 3 weeks. Plants often self-sow if not deadheaded. Double-flowered cultivars such as 'Angel' are typically sterile, producing no seed. Several sterile single-flowered cultivars are also available.

Ox-eye daisy grows and flowers best in full sun and moderately fertile, well-drained soil. Use "wild-type" ox-eyes in meadow plantings and cottage gardens, and sterile cultivars in more formal garden areas. Their flowers are a cheerful presence in any garden or flower arrangement. This perennial is listed as a noxious weed in several states.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, H1, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Double, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Dried Flower / Everlasting, Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes