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LIRIOPE muscari

Image of Liriope muscari

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

LIRIOPE muscari

Plant Common Name

Big Blue Lilyturf

General Description

This is one of the most popular groundcovers for shade. Lilyturf originates from the forests of eastern Asia and has grassy arching leaf blades. This clump-forming perennial spreads over time via rhizomes. Its flower spikes appear in late summer. Each upright stem is covered with many small, bulbous flowers that may be lavender, violet, purple or white. These are followed by black berry-like fruits that appear in fall and are eaten and spread by birds.

This popular groundcover grows best in good soil with average moisture but tolerates poorer soils and dry conditions. One of its greatest benefits is its shade tolerance. It grows readily in partial or full shade and creates a good groundcover under trees. The evergreen leaves can appear weather beaten with time—particularly those of variegated forms. In these cases it is best to shear or mow plants back in fall or early spring to allow new fresh leaves to emerge. It spreads vegetatively and creates a dense clump. It may self-sow, but it isn't as invasive as the similar-looking Muscari spicata.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    18"-28" / 45.7cm - 71.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Eastern Asia, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Purple, Lavender, Violet

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Blue, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edging, Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes