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LYCOPERSICON esculentum var. cerasiforme

Image of Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme

Felder Rushing

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

LYCOPERSICON esculentum var. cerasiforme

Plant Common Name

Cherry Tomato, Tomato

General Description

Nothing epitomizes summer eating like cherry tomatoes. These short-lived tender perennials are usually grown as annuals. Their medium green, hairy, compound leaves have a strong fragrance and are not to be eaten. Yellow flowers are followed by small, succulent fruits ideal for salads or eating straight off the vine.

Tomatoes require full sun and perfectly drained, slightly acid garden loam. The vines root along the stems and should be planted deep for better establishment. They are cold sensitive, so plant after the danger of frost has past. Production and fruit flavor are best when both nights and days are warm. The fruits themselves are cold sensitive and become tough and less flavorful under cool temperatures, so refrain from storing them in the refrigerator if you can. In subtropical locations, tomatoes can be grown as a winter crop—if temperatures remain warm enough.

These veggies are heavy feeders, so it is important to feed and water them regularly for best growth and production. Be sure to choose a fertilizer specifically formulated for tomatoes, and avoid over-watering because too much water can reduce flavor and cause cracking. Blossom end rot is a common fruit defect caused by a deficiency in the essential micro-nutrient calcium, which is another reason to feed your plants well!

Tomatoes are susceptible to a wide range of pests and other problems. There are hundreds of varieties available, many of which are resistant.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    11 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    1'-10' / 0.3m - 3.0m (7)

  • Width

    1'-4' / 0.3m - 1.2m (2)

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes