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MALUS domestica 'Anna'

Image of Malus domestica 'Anna'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

MALUS domestica 'Anna'

Plant Common Name

Anna Apple, Apple, Yellow Eating Apple

General Description

Bred in Israel, 'Anna' yields heavy crops of big sweet apples in a wide range of climates, notably climates too warm for most apples. Apples are descended from a species of deciduous tree native to southwestern Asia, a heritage that means they need the cold of winter to flower and fruit abundantly. Most need several hundred hours below 7 degrees C (45 degrees F), but 'Anna' needs fewer than 200 hours. All the same, the tree grows and fruits well in climates as cold as USDA Zone 5.

The tree is vigorous and medium-sized, with a rounded to oval canopy. In spring, 'Anna' blooms with fragrant white flowers. When the fruits are the size of marbles, thin them. Removing about one-third allows the remaining fruits to grow larger and sweeter. Thinning also prevents burdening the tree with such a large crop that the next year's flowering is less prolific.

The apples of 'Anna' are large and green overlain with red. The flesh is crisp and sweet. They are good for eating fresh and for cooking. Stored in cold conditions, such as a refrigerator, the apples remain fresh for two months.

This tree prefers full sun and well-drained soil, but will tolerate light shade and bouts of drought. For best fruit production, it must be vigorously pruned and maintained. It must also have a companion apple tree, such as Liberty, that flowers at the same time, for pollination. It is available grafted onto rootstocks that keep the tree smaller, a boon for yards with limited space.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    0'-15' / 0.0m - 4.6m

  • Width

    0'-15' / 0.0m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Russia/Siberia, Southeastern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green

  • Fruit Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes