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MALUS domestica 'Braeburn'

Image of Malus domestica 'Braeburn'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

MALUS domestica 'Braeburn'

Plant Common Name

Apple, Braeburn Apple, Red Eating Apple

General Description

Discovered in New Zealand in the early 1950's, 'Braeburn' has become a major commercial apple for several reasons: the tree is vigorous and productive; the apples are an appealing red with an orange blush; the flesh is dense, crisp, flavorful, sweet and sub-acidic. What's more, in cold storage the apples keep their quality for four months. For the same reasons, 'Braeburn' is a good apple for the home garden.

Like most domestic apples, 'Braeburn' flowers and fruits best when planted in full sun on well-drained soil. The tree is vigorous and needs regular pruning to maintain an shape open to sunlight and a size suitable for harvesting. Because 'Braeburn' flowers and fruits prolifically, it can have a big crop one year and a poor crop the next year. The remedy is thinning shortly after bloom, when the young apples are the size of marbles. Removing one-third of the fruits helps the tree produce large, sweet apples and still retain enough vitality to flower and yield equally well the next.

Descended from a species of apple native to southwester Asia, 'Braeburn' needs a long period of temperatures below 45 degrees in winter to yield good crops. The apples are good for eating fresh, especially when newly harvested, and they are also good cooked. Used for apple sauce they need no sweetening.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 6, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    12'-25' / 3.7m - 7.6m

  • Width

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Russia/Siberia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink, Rose

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Red, Green, Gold, Pink, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes