MALUS domestica 'Dyer'
Plant Common Name
Antique Apple, Apple, Mid-Season Apple
Cultivated in the United States since the eighteenth century, 'Dyer' produces highly flavorful apples on weak, biennially producing trees. Ripening in late summer and early fall, the medium to large, round to cylindrical fruits have pale yellow skin with suggestions of rose-red. The fine-textured, semi-transparent, pale yellow flesh of this dessert apple is crisp, tender, juicy, fragrant, and zestful. The fruits store poorly. This cultivar bears crops in alternate years on small, often sickly trees. Plant another apple variety nearby for cross-pollination.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
While the domestic apple prefers full sun and well-drained soil, it will tolerate light shade and bouts of drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.