MALUS domestica 'Red June'
Plant Common Name
Apple, Cooking Apple, Red Eating Apple, Red June Apple
This heirloom variety from the Southeast United States is still popular for its flavorful, early-ripening apples. The small, oblong fruits are dark purple-red with yellowish undertones. The white, firm, fine-grained flesh of this dessert, cooking, and cider apple is juicy and tender with a spritely flavor. Carolina Red June apples ripen in early summer and last in storage for several weeks. The trees tend to bear heavily in alternate years, and often produce a second smaller crop in fall. Plant 'Carolina Red June' near other apple varieties to insure cross-pollination and fruiting. It makes a good choice for home and market growers of heirloom apples.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
Apple trees do best in full sun and moist well-drained soil, but tolerate light shade and periodic drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.