MALUS domestica 'Ribston Pippin'
Plant Common Name
This renowned, flavorful English apple originated in Yorkshire in the late seventeenth century and is still widely grown. The medium to large, spherical fruits have smooth, greenish yellow, red-blushed skin with purple-red stripes. The yellowish-white, firm, medium-grained flesh of this dessert and cooking apple is juicy, very crisp, and aromatic with a distinct, robust, spicy flavor. The fruits ripen in late summer and early fall and keep well in storage for a month or more. The trees bear reliably every year, usually producing a modest crop. This variety does poorly in areas with long hot summers. Plant 'Ribston Pippin' near other midseason-blooming apple varieties (such as 'Cortland' and 'Honeycrisp') for cross-pollination. This self-infertile cultivar cannot serve as a pollenizer. It makes a good choice for home and commercial growers of heirloom apples.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
Apple trees do best in full sun and moist well-drained soil, but tolerate light shade and periodic drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.