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MALUS domestica 'State Fair'

Image of Malus domestica 'State Fair'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

MALUS domestica 'State Fair'

Plant Common Name

Apple, Eating Apple, State Fair Apple

General Description

Bred at the University of Minnesota in Zone 3, ‘State Fair’ is a very hardy cooking and dessert apple with juicy, tart yellow flesh and red skin. The harvest comes in late summer and the fruits should be eaten fresh from the tree and not picked all at once because they are not good keepers in storage. They are good for cooking. This is a semi-dwarf to medium-sized, deciduous tree, susceptible to fire blight, a bacterial disease that often kills young, rapidly growing shoots. This cultivar also has a tendency for biennial bearing (a full crop one year, a meager crop the next). To have good crops year after year, remove one-third of the fruits while they are still small. Plant a different apple nearby for cross-pollination.

Like most domestic apples, ‘State Fair’ grows and fruits best in full sun in average, well-drained soil. Mulch the tree with compost, composted manure, or shredded leaves to enrich the soil, conserve moisture, and encourage the moderate growth that is least susceptible to fire blight. Use it in the yard for its spring bloom and fall fruits, or in a foundation planting. For smaller spaces, it should be grafted to a rootstock that controls its size.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Russia/Siberia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes