MALUS domestica 'Tolman Sweet'
Plant Common Name
Apple, Cooking Apple, Dessert Apple
Long a favorite of New England and New York orchardists, 'Tolman Sweet' bears moderate to heavy crops of sweet-flavored cooking apples on durable, exceptionally cold-hardy trees. The medium to large, flattish fruits have pale yellow skin and hard, white, relatively dry flesh that is excellent for steaming. Tolman Sweet apples ripen in early fall and keep until early winter. Plant this antique variety near other late-blooming apples (such as 'Golden Delicious) to insure cross-pollination and fruiting. It makes a good choice for home and specialty growers of heirloom apples.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
Apple trees do best in full sun and moist well-drained soil, but tolerate light shade and periodic drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.