MALUS domestica 'Wealthy'
Plant Common Name
Apple, Cider Apple, Cooking Apple, Red Eating Apple, Wealthy Apple
This renowned apple originated as a seedling in Excelsior, Minnesota, in the mid-nineteenth century, and remains one of most adaptable and disease-resistant of all apple cultivars. Its medium to large, spherical to conical, tart-sweet fruits have pale yellow, carmine-blushed skin and soft, coarse, greenish-white flesh. They ripen in early autumn and keep in storage until midwinter.
Wealthy apple trees are semi-dwarf and tend to bear heavy crops in alternate years.
This variety succeeds in many areas of the United States including Southern California, New England, and the Southeast. Plant 'Wealthy' near other apple varieties to insure cross-pollination and maximum fruiting. It makes a good choice for home and specialty growers of antique apples.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
Apple trees do best in full sun and moist well-drained soil, but tolerate light shade and periodic drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.