MALUS domestica 'York'
Plant Common Name
Apple, Cooking Apple, York Apple
The old cultivar, ‘York,’ is a medium-sized, mild-flavored apple that keeps extremely well, holding its crisp texture and growing sweeter in cold storage. It is often called ‘York Imperial,’ with "imperial" referring to its keeping quality rather than flavor. This apple has a distinctive lop-sided shape. Its skin is yellow overlaid with red, and the flesh is cream colored and coarse. Fruits mature in late fall, hang on the tree well into winter and are used most often for sauce, baking and pies. Like many antique apples, it is susceptible to several diseases, including fire blight.
There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own apple trees. The domestic apple is most commonly a medium-sized tree with a rounded to oval canopy. It originates from southeastern Europe, Siberia, and southwestern Asia and has been in cultivation for thousands of years. In spring, these trees offer sweet, fragrant flowers of light pink, white or rose, and in fall reward us with crisp, juicy apples.
These fruits have a wide variety of colors, textures and flavors and may be eaten out-of-hand, pressed for cider, frozen, canned or baked in a variety of ways. There are thousands of cultivars available, including many interesting heirlooms as well as fresh new varieties. Different selections vary in height and may bear fruit in late summer or fall.
While the domestic apple prefers full sun and well-drained soil, it will tolerate light shade and bouts of drought. For best fruit production, trees must be vigorously pruned and maintained. Apples are susceptible to many pests and diseases, but resistant varieties are available.
Most apples are grafted onto rootstock that provides a wide range of benefits such as vigor, pest and disease resistance and dwarf stature, depending on the stock.