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MALUS halliana

Image of Malus halliana

Jesse Saylor



Botanical Name

MALUS halliana

Plant Common Name

Adirondack Crabapple, Hall's Crabapple

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Delicate and pretty with pink flowers and emerging reddish leaves in mid-spring, Hall crabapple is well-known for it use in traditional bonsai specimens. This small deciduous tree that will produce thickets is native to streambanks in southeastern China, although some authorities feel this ornamental was originally found only in Japan. The bark is smooth and gray and youngest branch twigs are violet-tinted.

In mid-spring the branches fill with newly emerging leaves that are briefly purple and rich pink flower buds. The buds open to white, pink-edged fragrant flowers that are visited by bees for pollination. The unfurling leaves become bright medium green ovals with small teethed edges and a tapered tip. The very small fruits ripen in early autumn to purpled red-violet, and will be eaten by hungry songbirds well into winter. In autumn leaves become a golden blend of yellow-green, and light yellow.

Grow Hall crabapple in full to partial sun in a moist soil that has good drainage. Fertile soils will yield the most robust and fast growing specimens. A prolonged chilling is needed in winter to initiate flowering the following spring. Use this ornamental as a small flowering specimen tree in a park or yard; it is a favorite for containerized bonsai. Trim away root suckers to prevent a tree from creating a thicket of plants; it can be considered a pesky weed in some temperate regions because of these spreading thickets.


  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type


  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18'-21' / 5.5m - 6.4m

  • Width

    12'-16' / 3.7m - 4.9m

  • Bloom Time


  • Native To

    Europe, China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate


  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit


  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest


  • Fragrant Flowers


  • Fragrant Fruit


  • Fragrant Foliage


  • Bark or Stem Fragrant


  • Repeat Bloomer


  • Showy Fruit


  • Edible Fruit


  • Showy Foliage


  • Evergreen


  • Showy Bark


Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns


  • Invasive


  • Self-Sowing