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MALUS mandshurica

Image of Malus mandshurica

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

MALUS mandshurica

Plant Common Name

Manchurian Crabapple

General Description

Extremely cold hardy and floriferous, Manchurian crabapple also yields an abundance of bi-colored fruits that are great for jam. A large, upright deciduous tree native to eastern Russian and northern China, its green leaves are long ovals. In early spring, small clusters of pale pink flower buds appear with the new leaves. The flowers that follow have large white petals, are fragrant, and produce pollen copiously. The fruits mature yellow and pink-red at the size of ping-pong balls. Usually the fruits persist on the tree well after the leaves turn mottled yellow, brown and orange in autumn.

Plant Manchurian crabapple in full sun in almost any well-drained soil but one not highly alkaline. This tree will flower and fruit poorly in dry, alkaline, or poor soils. It needs a long period of cold in winter to flower fully in spring. Use it as a large specimen tree in a lawn or orchard, or grouped for a windbreak. The fruits are edible, but their small size makes them most useful in chutney, salad, baking, jams, and jellies. Sometimes this tree is used as a source of pollen for commercial apples that bloom in mid-spring.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 6

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    20'-45' / 6.1m - 13.7m

  • Width

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Russia/Siberia, Eastern Asia, China, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes