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MALUS pumila

Image of Malus pumila

Forest & Kim Starr



Botanical Name

MALUS pumila

Plant Common Name

Paradise Apple

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Producing large, sweet and fleshy red fruits by late summer, the paradise apple is a springtime delight with fragrant, large white blossoms. This rounded and spreading deciduous tree is native to southeastern Europe and extreme western Asia.

Leaves of the paradise apple are oval and often edged in coarse teeth. When young they are a bright yellow green and mature to a lightly glossed medium green with a hairy white underside. In mid-spring flowerbuds arise all along the branches, most in clusters atop short spur branches. They open white with faint blshes of pink, are fragrant and are pollinated by bees. and open to violet-red flowers that are The fruits develop into large pomes that are a mottled or striated blend of shades of red and yellow, being mature by late summer or early autumn. Fall foliage is mottled and uninspiring, being green with yellow, bronze and orange. Songbirds, rodents, and deer will feed on the fruits or tender twigs in fall and winter.

Plant paradise apple in full sun in any moderately fertile, deep, well-draining soil that is moist throughout the growing season. Although having slight drought tolerance, the plant will not look appealing without supplemental watering in prolonged dry periods. It is not well-suited to regions with long, humid, wet summers or in low deserts. An extended cold period is needed each winter to ensure production of flowers in the springtime. Use this rustic-looking small fruit tree as a specimen or as a windbreak or large hedgerow.


  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type


  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Width

    18'-25' / 5.5m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time


  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate


  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit


  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest


  • Fragrant Flowers


  • Fragrant Fruit


  • Fragrant Foliage


  • Bark or Stem Fragrant


  • Repeat Bloomer


  • Showy Fruit


  • Edible Fruit


  • Showy Foliage


  • Evergreen


  • Showy Bark


Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns


  • Invasive


  • Self-Sowing