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MALUS pumila

Image of Malus pumila

Forest & Kim Starr

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

MALUS pumila

Plant Common Name

Paradise Apple

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Producing large, sweet and fleshy red fruits by late summer, the paradise apple is a springtime delight with fragrant, large white blossoms. This rounded and spreading deciduous tree is native to southeastern Europe and extreme western Asia.

Leaves of the paradise apple are oval and often edged in coarse teeth. When young they are a bright yellow green and mature to a lightly glossed medium green with a hairy white underside. In mid-spring flowerbuds arise all along the branches, most in clusters atop short spur branches. They open white with faint blshes of pink, are fragrant and are pollinated by bees. and open to violet-red flowers that are The fruits develop into large pomes that are a mottled or striated blend of shades of red and yellow, being mature by late summer or early autumn. Fall foliage is mottled and uninspiring, being green with yellow, bronze and orange. Songbirds, rodents, and deer will feed on the fruits or tender twigs in fall and winter.

Plant paradise apple in full sun in any moderately fertile, deep, well-draining soil that is moist throughout the growing season. Although having slight drought tolerance, the plant will not look appealing without supplemental watering in prolonged dry periods. It is not well-suited to regions with long, humid, wet summers or in low deserts. An extended cold period is needed each winter to ensure production of flowers in the springtime. Use this rustic-looking small fruit tree as a specimen or as a windbreak or large hedgerow.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Width

    18'-25' / 5.5m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Fruit / Fruit Tree, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes