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MANFREDA virginica 'Spot'

Image of Manfreda virginica 'Spot'

Terra Nova Nurseries, Inc.

Family

Agavaceae

Botanical Name

MANFREDA virginica 'Spot'

Plant Common Name

American Aloe, False Aloe

General Description

Interesting brownish burgundy spots decorate the undulating leaves of 'Spot.' These decorative spots have been known to diminish as plants age or revert away. Once named Agave virginica but relabeled Manfreda virginica, false aloe forms a lovely succulent rosette of smooth, waxy, sword-shaped leaves with undulating edges and sharp tips. A native of the southern and southeastern United States, it naturally inhabits rocky wooded areas and dry thickets where soils are somewhat sandy and alkaline. It is very common in the Ozark Mountains.

The evergreen to semi-evergreen rosettes of false aloe are bright waxy green. From late spring to summer rosettes produce 3 to 5 foot (1 to 1.5 meter) flower stalks with apical branches tipped with tubular gray-green to greenish white flowers. The fragrant blooms are pollinated by sphinx moths. Capsules filled with black seeds follow.

Unlike most succulents, false aloe thrives in eastern gardens if provided drier alkaline to neutral soil with good drainage. It grows best in full sun but will tolerate partial sun to partial shade making it one of those rare ornamentals for dry shade. It is propagated from seed fairly easily and looks great planted in naturalistic rocky gardens. It can also be grown in containers.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    11 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 11

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    14"-18" / 35.6cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Brown, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Chocolate, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Brown, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green, Brown, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    SpottedMottled

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes