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MORUS alba 'Chaparral'

Image of Morus alba 'Chaparral'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Moraceae

Botanical Name

MORUS alba 'Chaparral'

Plant Common Name

White Mulberry

General Description

This beautiful weeping fruitless mulberry is a superior single specimen for modest sized yards. It is a breakthrough that resulted in vastly improved form, habit and overall beauty. Fruitless mulberries originate with a fruiting species native to China where its leaves are famous food for silk worms. In America their tolerance of extreme heat and cold led growers to find a fruitless clone that could make a resilient landscape tree, particularly in the arid West. This tree is a standard mulberry top-grafted with a male weeping clone to create a more creative specimen. The top growth will twist and turn then droop in dense masses to create an incredibly sculptural tree. The leaves are very large, oval to heart shaped and bright glossy green. Foliage turns yellow in the fall.

Chaparral does not flower nor does it produce fruit. It thrives in all soil types provided they are well drained. This tree is notoriously surface-rooted and can damage paving and foundations. It is a very fast grower if provided regular water, which is recommended to protect the scion against die out. This makes a fine dryland alternative to weeping willow, and when leafless in winter it is exceptionally attractive under night lighting.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12'-15' / 3.7m - 4.6m

  • Width

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Weeping

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    No