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NANDINA domestica 'Pygmaea'

Image of Nandina domestica 'Pygmaea'

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

NANDINA domestica 'Pygmaea'

Plant Common Name

Dwarf Heavenly Bamboo, Heavenly Bamboo

General Description

A medium-sized tender evergreen shrub often planted near temples in its native China and Japan, heavenly bamboo is prized by gardeners worldwide for its colorful lacy leaves and attractive flower and fruit. The cultivar 'Pygmaea' offers most of these virtues at half the size. The airy compound leaves are reddish-purple when young and again in fall and winter. The foliage and stiff upright stems suggest those of bamboo, particularly when pruned in the Asian fashion with the lower leaves thinned to expose the stems. Large frothy clusters of tiny white flowers appear at the branch tips in late spring and summer. The red fruits are rarely produced.

Heavenly bamboo prefers full sun in most warm-temperate and subtropical climates but needs afternoon shade in desert regions. This very drought resistant plant grows best in fertile, evenly moist soil. Dwarf forms such as 'Pygmaea' are valued for foundation planting, smaller hedges, containers, and Asian-inspired compositions. The berries and foliage are popular for holiday d├ęcor and flower arrangements.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Green, Purple, Burgundy, Copper

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Green, Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Green, Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No