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NANDINA domestica 'Royal Princess'

Image of Nandina domestica 'Royal Princess'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

NANDINA domestica 'Royal Princess'

Plant Common Name

Heavenly Bamboo

General Description

A medium-sized tender evergreen shrub often planted near temples in its native China and Japan, heavenly bamboo is prized by gardeners worldwide for its colorful airy leaves and attractive flowers and fruit. The cultivar 'Royal Princess' is noted for its slender lacy leaves and dazzling fall and winter color. The compound leaves are purple-red when young and brilliant red in fall and winter, often with orange highlights. The foliage and stiff narrow upright habit suggest those of bamboo, particularly when pruned in the Asian fashion with the lower leaves thinned to expose the stems. Large frothy clusters of white flowers appear at the branch tips in late spring and summer. The abundant red fruits ripen relatively early.

Heavenly bamboo prefers full sun in most warm-temperate and subtropical climates but needs afternoon shade in desert regions. Although tolerant of drought, it grows best in fertile evenly moist soil. This large variety is valued for hedging and foundation planting. It's also perfect as a single specimen or high color focal point in Asian-inspired compositions. The berries and foliage are popular for holiday d├ęcor and flower arrangements.

Nandina domestica is sometimes an invasive plant where hardy; for more information see http://www.invasive.org/eastern/srs/SB_N.html.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Width

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Green, Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Green, Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Green, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes