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PAEONIA lactiflora 'Gold Rush'

Image of Paeonia lactiflora 'Gold Rush'

Jessie Keith

Family

Paeoniaceae

Botanical Name

PAEONIA lactiflora 'Gold Rush'

Plant Common Name

Herbaceous Peony

General Description

This Japanese-flowered peony bears white, gold-crested blooms atop strong medium-tall stems. It is one of hundreds of cultivars of Paeonia lactiflora, a large, bushy, tuberous perennial from East Asia that has been cultivated and treasured for thousands of years.

The showy, fragrant blooms of this 1989 introduction have several large, creamy-white, ruffled petals cupping a central pompon of frilly, golden-yellow, ribbon-like "staminodes." Bees, ants, and the occasional butterfly visit the flowers. The bold, rich dark green, divided leaves may turn bronze tones in fall.

Peonies grow best in full to partial sun and well-drained, fertile soil. These old-fashioned perennials are very long-lived and have been known to survive in gardens for over 100 years. Use them in foundation plantings or any floral border. They make voluptuous cut flowers. Like most Japanese-flowered peonies, 'Gold Rush' has flop-resistant stems that do not need staking.

Divide plants every 3 or 4 years in early autumn or as shoots break ground in spring. Plant divisions at a finger's-width depth; plants set too deep will not flower.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    30"-36" / 76.2cm - 91.4cm

  • Width

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Gold, Ivory

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Bronze

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No