Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa
Plant Common Name
Edible-fruited Passionflower, Passionfruit
Yellow passionfruit is a popular evergreen, perennial vine that produces loads of sweet, juicy, yellow-skinned fruits. South American in origin, it produces commercial fruit for juice, jams and the fresh market. The largest plantations exist in Brazil, Columbia, Australia and Hawaii. In addition to being yellow, the fruits of f. flavicarpa are larger than those of f. edulis but are said to be a bit less flavorful.
The dark green, glossy, lobed leaves of this passionfruit are arranged alternately on angular stems. Tendrils extend from the leaf axils (joint between the leaves and stems), helping the plants to climb. Beautiful flowers appear most abundantly in summer, but a few will pop-up year round in warm climates. The complex flowers are composed of white fleshy reproductive structures surrounded by a fringe of white-topped, lavender to purple filaments and many white to slightly lavender petals. These are naturally pollinated by carpenter bees. The yellow, egg-shaped fruit ripens mostly in the fall and winter and is filled with seedy, sweet pulp.
Passionflower is an aggressive vine and will quickly cover structures or other plants. It must be supported or trellised for fruit production. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade for a short portion of the day. Well-drained soil is required; it is drought tolerant but fruit production is best with regular watering. This passionfruit is frost sensitive. Grow it in containers where not hardy.
This passionfruit is the larval food for several butterfly species. The caterpillars may cause the leaves to look a little tattered and chewed, but the damage is generally nothing to worry about.
AHS Heat Zone
9 - 6
USDA Hardiness Zone
9 - 11
H1, H2, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24
10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m