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PASSIFLORA vitifolia

Image of Passiflora vitifolia

Forest & Kim Starr

Family

Passifloraceae

Botanical Name

PASSIFLORA vitifolia

Plant Common Name

Perfumed Passionflower

General Description

Perfumed or grape-leaf passion flower is a perennial vine native to south Central America and northern South America. It is evergreen in frost free locations and deciduous in colder locations. Dark green, glossy, lobed, leave have toothed margins and are arranged alternately on the stem. The vines climb by tendrils produced in the leaf axils (joint between the leaves and stems) on round branches covered with red-brown hairs. Beautiful flowers appear spring and summer through fall. The complex, fragrant, bowl-shaped flowers are composed of white and red fleshy reproductive structures surrounded by a fringe scarlet red to bright yellow filaments and many deep red to vermilion petals. The fruit soon follows thought out the season and is oval, yellow to green, fuzzy and edible.

Perfumed passion flower is an aggressive growing vine and soon covers structures or other plants, particularly in disturbed areas. It prefers to grow in full sun but will tolerate light shade for a short portion of the day. Well-drained soil is required; passion flowers are drought tolerant but look best with irrigation in dry times. This passion vine is frost and freeze sensitive and will not tolerate prolonged freezing temperatures. Grow it in containers where not hardy. Perfumed passion flower can be weedy, spreading by suckers and rooted vines; it has become naturalized in Hawaii. Grow passion flowers as a ground cover, on trellises or other supports for the lovely flowers and abundance of butterflies and hummingbirds they attract.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H2, 16, 17, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Red, Crimson, Dark Red

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Red, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Feature Plant, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes