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PELARGONIUM (TANGO SERIES)

Image of Pelargonium (TANGO SERIES)

Family

Geraniaceae

Botanical Name

PELARGONIUM( TANGO SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Tango Geraniums, Zonal Geranium

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

There are so many wonderful pelargoniums – thousands of hybrids and more than 200 distinct species. Most are heavily fragrant and offer showy flowers and foliage, so it is no wonder these tender perennials, or subshrubs, are some of the most widely cultivated and popular container and bedding plants.

Most Pelargonium species originate from arid or montane regions in southern Africa. Their fragrant, somewhat fleshy evergreen leaves are typically palm-shaped and deeply lobed or dissected. Many cultivars have variegated leaves with striking bands of two to three different colors, such as green, white, yellow, purple, red or orange. The flowers are five-petaled, often showy and borne in terminal clusters. Flower color is variable, depending on the species or cultivar, and includes red, white, pink, orange, purple or salmon shades.

Vigorous and easy to grow, pelargoniums prefer full to partial sun and average to fertile soil that drains well. Most hybrids are everblooming and require regular deadheading for best appearance and flower production. They can be planted in mixed beds and borders, containers or hanging baskets. Hardiness is species and cultivar dependent.

Pelargoniums fall into sixteen separate classes that are sometimes combined to describe cultivars. For example, the popular cultivar Pelargonium ‘Pixie Rose’ is a Stellar Zonal Geranium (St, Z) and Pelargonium ‘Timothy Clifford’ is a Miniature Zonal Geranium (Min, Z). The sixteen Pelargonium classes are:

Code Class

(A) Angel

(C) Coloured foliage

(Ca) Cactus

(D) Double

(Dec) Decorative

(Dw) Dwarf

(Dwl) Dwarf Ivy-leaved

(Fr) Frutetorum

(I) Ivy-leaved

(Min) Miniature

(MinI) Miniature Ivy-leaved

(R) Regal

(Sc) Scented-leaved

(St) Stellar

(T) Tulip

(U) Unique

(Z) Zonal

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    12 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Mediterranean, Turkey, Canary Islands, Africa, Southern Africa, Madagascar, South Africa, Iraq, Iran, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Purple, Orange, Pink, Rose, Salmon, Orange Red

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Dark Green, Bronze, Orange Red, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Dark Green, Bronze, Orange Red, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Dark Green, Bronze, Orange Red, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Dark Green, Bronze, Orange Red, Ivory

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Double, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Bedding Plant, Container, Edging, Foundation, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes