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PETROSELINUM crispum

Image of Petroselinum crispum

James H. Schutte

Family

Apiaceae

Botanical Name

PETROSELINUM crispum

Plant Common Name

Parsley

General Description

Whether flat or curly-leaved, the leaves of parsley impart a fresh, green taste to food that helps clean the palate. This popular herb originates from southern Europe but is used and enjoyed by cultures throughout the world. It forms neat clumps of leaves that can be harvested throughout the growing season. These are used to season salads, soups, meats and pasta dishes. Parsley is ready to harvest around 70 to 80 days after planting.

Parsley forms a rosette of bright green, flattened or curly leaves. The plant is technically a biennial but is most often grown as an annual. In its second summer, it produces insignificant, dill-like umbels of yellow-green flowers. The seed that follows will fall to the ground and often germinate. After blooming and setting seed, the plant will die.

Grow this herb in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. Parsley tastes best in the first year during the cool season. In the second year, and during flowering, its leaves are smaller and have a bitter taste, so it’s best to start a new crop each year. Plants are commonly grown from seed and planted in spring. They can also be planted in fall in areas with mild winters.

This is a must for the herb or vegetable garden. It also works well in container plantings or as a lush foliage plant in mixed borders. The leaves are a favorite food for black swallowtail larvae, so it’s an excellent choice for butterfly gardens as well.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Herb

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes