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PHILODENDRON bipinnatifidum

Image of Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Felder Rushing

Family

Araceae

Botanical Name

PHILODENDRON bipinnatifidum

Plant Common Name

Cut-leaf Philodendron, Tree Philodendron

General Description

Evoking the exotic lushness of a tropical jungle, cut-leaf philodendron's huge elephant-ear like leaves are impressive. A tree-like evergreen shrub from southern Brazil and Paraguay, it is does not crawl or climb in a vine-like manner, as do most philodendrons. It does grow a tall semi-woody trunk-like stem that often sprawls or twists as the plant ages.

Its immense leaves are its glory. Borne on long stems at the trunk's apex, they are mid- to dark green, glossy and waxy. Each leaf is deeply incised with many wavy-edged lobes, giving it an antlered look. Mature plants sometimes flower when temperatures are warm and rainfall plentiful: a purplish bud emerges from the base of the leaves, unfurling to reveal a green spathe (a trumpet-like hood), which encloses a club-shaped spadix. Tiny stemless male or female flowers line the spadix. Plants also often bear aerial roots.

Grow cut-leaf philodendron in a fertile, moist but well-drained, non-alkaline soil in partial sun to full shade. It tolerates full sun and slight drought, but leaf scalding or tip browning is likely. It handles light freezes of short durations, and will sprout back from the roots once warmth returns. Often smaller plants, or pups, arise from the base of the plant, eventually creating a small cluster. It is beautiful as a foundation or courtyard plant outdoors, or as a bold accent in a mixed border. It may be grown indoors in a spacious atrium, conservatory or sunroom.

See http://www.floridata.com/ref/P/phil_bip.cfm for information on the toxic properties of this plant.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Width

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    South America, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Green

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No