Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Gerald L. Klingaman
PHOTINIA x fraseri
Red Tip Photinia
Amazingly pretty red spring growth along with white clustered flowers has given red-tip photinia prominent regard in the garden. A cross between Photinia serratifolia and Photinia glabra, both which are native to the warm temperate regions of eastern and southern Asia, it is an evergreen large shrub or small tree. The leaves are glossy, oval or lance-shaped, alternately arranged on the stems and have slightly serrate edges – like that of a steak knife. They are thick and leathery and the new foliage is red, burgundy or pink when it emerges. The flowers commonly appear in spring and are produced at the ends of the branches in dense, often flat-topped clusters. Each small bloom is slightly cup-shaped, has five rounded petals and many stamens. In fall, these give way to small apple-like fruits that usually turn red when ripe. Birds are fond of the fruit and several species of butterflies use the foliage for larval food.
Red-tip photinia needs rich, well-draining soil that is lightly acidic to neutral in pH. Full sun is best for good growth, though these plants are tolerant of light to moderate shade, which is essential in hot summer regions. Adapted to frosts and mild subfreezing temperatures in winter, they will falter in regions with oppressively hot, humid, rainy summers. Red-tip is tolerant of city conditions and is extensively planted in urban areas like parking lots. Large stature, attractive foliage and a tough prunable character have made red tip photinia popular for hedges and screens in warm temperate regions.
9 - 5
7 - 9
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m
10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m
Spring, Late Spring
Clay, Loam, Sand
Pollution, Soil Compaction
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Red, Green, Pink, Rose
Dark Green, Burgundy, Bronze
Dark Green, Bronze
Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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