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PHYLLOSTACHYS aurea

Image of Phyllostachys aurea

Felder Rushing

Family

Poaceae

Botanical Name

PHYLLOSTACHYS aurea

Plant Common Name

Golden Bamboo, Running Bamboo

General Description

This lovely bamboo offers elegance to Asian inspired landscapes and gardens. It is native to China, primarily north of the Yangtze Valley, where summers are very hot. The name "aurea" means "yellow" and refers to the yellow-green coloring of the foliage and golden canes that offer a bright look in the garden.

Golden bamboo spreads by woody rhizomes that can travel both under and above ground. A single plant will quickly form dense stands of upright, jointed, woody stems, or culms. The stands are difficult to eradicate once established. Like most bamboos, Phyllostachys aurea does not flower annually. Instead, it's members bloom worldwide when their genetic timetable dictates. It's a curious phenomenon that's not well understood by the scientific community. Plants that have flowered and set fruit die shortly after.

Full to partial sun is needed for best growth as is fertile soil with average to good drainage. Bamboo is most attractive when manicured in the Japanese style by thinning out the shoots and trimming off the foliage to create airier clumps. This is a popular bamboo for container culture. In ground plantings can be controlled using heavy duty rhizome barriers. Harvested culms make great plant support posts and trellis material.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Grass

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6'-30' / 1.8m - 9.1m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Thicket/Colonizing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Green, Gold

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Self-Sowing

    No