Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

PICEA engelmannii 'Compact'

Image of Picea engelmannii 'Compact'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PICEA engelmannii 'Compact'

Plant Common Name

Compact Engelmann Spruce, Engelmann Spruce

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A rounded, dwarf selection of the Engelmann's spruce, 'Compact' resembles an upright miniature Colorado blue spruce. This evergreen conifer is native to a large expanse of the southern Canadian Rockies as well as the American Rocky Mountains and surrounding ranges at high elevations. The bark is reddish brown and scaly. The branches are rather short but persist on the lowest parts of the trunk, often hiding the trunk base as this shrubby plant becomes taller and aged. This plant becomes a plump cone in habit.

The needles are four-sided but flexible. They are arranged radially around the twigs, but angle slightly forward. Leaves range in color from pale steel blue to blue-green. Cones may form on very old plants.

Grow the dwarfed compact Engelmann spruce in abundant sunshine in a moist, deep and fertile soil that is not alkaline. The organic-rich soil must have good drainage as well. Use it as a specimen in a foundation bed, container, rock garden or mixed alpine border. Over many decades it becomes a large shrub to small tree.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6'-12' / 1.8m - 3.7m

  • Width

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Western United States, Northwestern United States, California, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Very Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Bronze, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green, Steel Blue

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green, Steel Blue

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Blue Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No