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PICEA glauca 'Echiniformis'

Image of Picea glauca 'Echiniformis'

Russell Stafford

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PICEA glauca 'Echiniformis'

Plant Common Name

White Spruce

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

White spruce is a tall evergreen conifer native to the northern United States and Canada. Broadly pyramidal when young, it becomes more columnar with age. Its cones are relatively small. Crushed needles emit a pungent, skunky smell. Many cultivars of white spruce are available, including those with smaller mature sizes or dwarfed and weeping habits.

White spruce grows best in full sun and moist, well-drained soil that is acidic to neutral in pH. It tolerates drought, salt spray, extreme cold, and other environmental stresses. It is useful for screening, hedges, windbreaks and as a specimen. It is also sometimes used as a Christmas tree, although the needles do not persist long once the cut tree dries.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-70' / 12.2m - 21.3m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    North America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No