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PINUS cembra 'Chalet'

Image of Pinus cembra 'Chalet'

James H. Schutte

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS cembra 'Chalet'

Plant Common Name

Swiss Stone Pine

General Description

A slow-growing tree from mountains of Europe and western Asia, Swiss stone pine is prized for its compact, symmetrical, upright form. The semi-dwarf cultivar 'Chalet' has blue-green needles and a narrowly conical habit.

The long, stiff, blue-green needles of this evergreen conifer occur in bundles of five. In spring, trees produce tiny male cones and larger female cones near the branch tips. Female cones persist 3 years, maturing to purple-blue and then brown. Mature female cones are the size and shape of a large egg, and do not open.

Ultimately forming a large shrub or small tree, 'Chalet' typically retains its lower limbs and its dense narrow habit for many years, but may become broader and more open in old age.

This tough, adaptable, and beautiful little pine favors full sun and well-drained, humus-rich soil. It does poorly in hot arid climates. With its dense, upright, somewhat formal bearing, it is perfect as an accent or for grouping in residential and public landscapes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Width

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Native To

    Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Dark Blue, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Blue Green

  • Bark Color

    Slate Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No