James H. Schutte
PINUS cembra 'Chalet'
Plant Common Name
Swiss Stone Pine
A slow-growing tree from mountains of Europe and western Asia, Swiss stone pine is prized for its compact, symmetrical, upright form. The semi-dwarf cultivar 'Chalet' has blue-green needles and a narrowly conical habit.
The long, stiff, blue-green needles of this evergreen conifer occur in bundles of five. In spring, trees produce tiny male cones and larger female cones near the branch tips. Female cones persist 3 years, maturing to purple-blue and then brown. Mature female cones are the size and shape of a large egg, and do not open.
Ultimately forming a large shrub or small tree, 'Chalet' typically retains its lower limbs and its dense narrow habit for many years, but may become broader and more open in old age.
This tough, adaptable, and beautiful little pine favors full sun and well-drained, humus-rich soil. It does poorly in hot arid climates. With its dense, upright, somewhat formal bearing, it is perfect as an accent or for grouping in residential and public landscapes.
AHS Heat Zone
7 - 1
USDA Hardiness Zone
3 - 7
A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10
Full Sun, Partial Sun
15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m
6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m
Europe, Western Asia
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
Sharp or Has Thorns