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PINUS cembra 'Pygmaea'

Image of Pinus cembra 'Pygmaea'

James H. Schutte

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS cembra 'Pygmaea'

Plant Common Name

Swiss Stone Pine

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

This slow-growing tree from mountains of Europe and western Asia is prized for its compact, symmetrical, upright habit.

The long, stiff, dark-green to blue-green needles of this hardy conifer occur in bundles of five. In spring, trees produce tiny male and female cones near the branch tips. Female cones persist 3 years, maturing to purple-blue and then brown. Mature female cones are the size and shape of a large egg, and do not open.

A slow-growing, pyramidal to columnar tree with upswept branches, Swiss stone pine typically retains its lower limbs and its dense narrow habit for many years, but may become broader and more open in old age.

This tough, adaptable, and beautiful tree favors full sun and well-drained, humus-rich soil. It does poorly in hot arid climates. With its dense, upright, somewhat formal bearing, this conifer is perfect as an accent or for grouping in residential and public landscapes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    30'-70' / 9.1m - 21.3m

  • Width

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No