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PINUS leucodermis

Image of Pinus leucodermis

James H. Schutte

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS leucodermis

Plant Common Name

Bosnian Pine

General Description

Bosnian pine is a lovely, symmetrical, slow-growing, evergreen tree, prized for urban sites. It is among the most commonly-used evergreens in cities and gardens of Europe. It is native to the Balkans and much of the Mediterranean region, growing in a wide range of very well-drained soils. This pine when young grows as a quite symmetrical, pointed sapling with well-anchored branching. Its form rounds out as the tree reaches maturity, revealing a beautiful layered structure. Short, very-stiff, dark-green needles are held in pairs, giving the tree a lustrous look. It produces attractive purple cones that mature to brown.

Bosnian pine can reach a large size in the wild, but for the cultivated landscape its slow growth leads to shorter stature overall. It’s proven to be a superior coastal pine that is uniquely tolerant of salt air and spray. It also tolerate alkaline soils. Plant it as a single specimen, grove or windrow.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    50'-75' / 15.2m - 22.9m

  • Width

    17'-20' / 5.2m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No