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PINUS mugo (Pumilio Group)

Image of Pinus mugo (Pumilio Group)

Felder Rushing

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS mugo( Pumilio Group)

Plant Common Name

Dwarf Mugho Pine, Prostrate Swiss Mountain Pine

General Description

Spreading its dark green foliage into low, billowy mounds, the Pumilio Group of mugho pine provides more compact plant selections that are a better fit for garden use. Mugho pine is a dense, broad, bushy, stiff-needled evergreen shrub native to the mountains of southcentral Europe and the Balkan Peninsula that produces cones. It is best known by its numerous dwarf selections and forms. The Pumilio Group comprises compact seedlings of mugho pine, which can vary significantly in size and habit and thus it is important to choose the appropriate cultivar for mature size and form.

Mugho pine is best planted in a full sun situation in an average to well-drained soil. It is relatively tolerant of lime and thus makes a great choice near concrete foundations or walkways. Amend heavy clay with organic matter. In spring, the tips of the new growth "candles" can be pruned away to prevent an increase in plant height. Pumilio Group members are widely used in foundation plantings, Asian-style gardens, rock gardens, containers, and mixed borders.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3'-8' / 0.9m - 2.4m

  • Width

    3'-8' / 0.9m - 2.4m

  • Native To

    Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No