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PINUS mugo 'Valley Cushion'

Image of Pinus mugo 'Valley Cushion'

James H. Schutte

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS mugo 'Valley Cushion'

Plant Common Name

Dwarf Swiss Mountain Pine, Mugho Pine, Valley Cushion Mugho Pine

General Description

Mugho pine is a shrubby, stiff-needled evergreen conifer native to the mountains of south-central Europe and the Balkan Peninsula. Its cultivar 'Valley Cushion' slowly forms a broad, flat, knee-high shrub with stubby upright branches.

The short, crowded, medium-green needles of this pine occur in bundles of two. This cultivar eventually becomes a dense, low, flat-topped hummock several times wider than high.

Mugho pine is best planted in full sun and average to well-drained soil. Its relative lime-tolerance suits it for planting near concrete foundations or walkways. This cultivar works well in Asian-style gardens, rock gardens, mixed borders, and containers.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Native To

    Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Cushion/Mound-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No