Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Mark A. Miller
Mugho Pine, Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine
Boulders and alpine plants look at home when in the presence of a mugho pine. This species is a dense, bushy, stiff-needled evergreen shrub native to the mountains of south-central Europe. The curved, twisted, dark green needles are paired. Small cones are borne toward the branch tips. Mugho pine is usually represented in gardens by one of the ubiquitous forms known collectively as the Pumilio Group. Although these are slow growing, they may eventually attain considerable size, especially in spread. Numerous truly dwarf forms are also available, including 'Ophir', with yellow winter color, and 'Humpy' and 'Teeny', extremely slow-growing, short-needled selections.
This tough cold-hardy shrub excels with full sun and tolerates most soils that do not become soggy. Its tight, stiff, often rounded habit lends a formal air to foundation plantings, containers, rockeries and mixed borders. Choose a dwarf cultivar if space is limited. Pests such as sawfly larvae are sometimes a problem. The natural variety uncinata can reach tree size although it is quite variable in mature stature.
7 - 1
2 - 7
A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Needled or Scaled Evergreen
Full Sun, Partial Sun
4'-12' / 1.2m - 3.7m
8'-20' / 2.4m - 6.1m
Europe, Southern Europe
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Alpine, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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