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PINUS sylvestris 'Watereri'

Image of Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

PINUS sylvestris 'Watereri'

Plant Common Name

Scots Pine, Watereri Scots Pine

General Description

Discovered in England about 1865, this large, slow-growing, rounded shrub is a cultivar of Scots pine, a medium to large evergreen tree from the upper latitudes of the Old World.

Like all Scots pines, 'Watereri' has stiff, slightly twisted blue-green needles that occur in bundles of two. The needles are crowded toward the tips of the spreading to ascending branches. The dense, shaggy foliage is highly attractive against the scaly cinnamon-colored bark. In spring, tiny male cones and larger female cones appear on the previous year's growth. The conical, yellowish gray female cones remain on the branches for about 2 years. This cultivar grows slowly into an oval to broadly globular large shrub or small tree.

Scots pines do best in full sun and well-drained, acidic to slightly alkaline soil. They favor cold winters and fare poorly in hot humid climates. This cultivar makes an excellent specimen, border, or bonsai plant.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    30'-60' / 9.1m - 18.3m

  • Width

    25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m

  • Native To

    Northern Europe, Russia/Siberia, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Blue Green, Yellow Green

  • Bark Color

    Orange, Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No