Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

PLANTAGO major

Image of Plantago major

Carol Cloud Bailey

Family

Plantaginaceae

Botanical Name

PLANTAGO major

Plant Common Name

Common Plantain

General Description

Blemishing lawns worldwide with its leaf rosettes and its rat-tail inflorescences, this hardy perennial is native to Eurasia but naturalized globally.

The dull green, paddle-shaped leaves have a broad oval blade and a long flattened stalk ("petiole"). Several deep parallel veins run from the base to the tip of the leaf blade. In summer, numerous homely spikes of greenish, wind-pollinated flowers are borne on shin-high stems. This semi-evergreen perennial spreads via self-sowing, which is often prolific.

Broadleaf plantain flourishes in sun and rich soil but tolerates a wide range of conditions. Control its spread by digging plants before they set seed. Purple-leaved varieties of this weed are occasionally cultivated, as is a form with leafy flower spikes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    4"-12" / 10.2cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    10"-16" / 25.4cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Flower Color

    Green

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes