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PLATANUS orientalis

Image of Platanus orientalis

Jesse Saylor

Family

Platanaceae

Botanical Name

PLATANUS orientalis

Plant Common Name

Asian Planetree, Asian Sycamore

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Tall, spreading branches covered in flaking gray and tan bark, the Asian planetree has large, teethed, maple-like leaves. A native of southeastern Europe and southern Asia, it is a tall, stately deciduous tree that historically gained favor as a shade tree in the Middle East.

The leaves emerge in spring a bright, pale green, unfurling into a large, semi-glossy blades with narrowed, many-teethed lobes that number between three and five. The flower clusters appear at the time the leaves first emerge. Blossoms are either male or female, colored a rusty salmon, and appear in different clusters across the branches. Small, golf ball-sized fruits develop afterwards, first green and then becoming light brown in color, borne in groups of three to six, and decorate the branches well into winter. The fall leaf color is usually golden yellow, or accented with tan. The attractive, rough and knobby bark peels off in rounded patches in a mosaic of gray, tan, and brown.

Grow the Asian planetree on fertile, moist, deep soils in full sun for its finest growth and stature. It does demonstrate considerable tolerance for drier and the more shallow soils associated with residential suburbs, too. As it attains a huge mature size, do not grow it too closely to buildings but favor it with a spacious locale in the landscape. It is a specatular shade tree for the lawn or to line spacious avenues. In times of drought, or in regions with long, hot summers, the foliage can brown in late summer, diminishing any fall display. Moreover, the large, dry, fallen leaves or fruits could be considered annoying in more pristine neighborhoods or near sidewalks and parked cars.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    65'-95' / 19.8m - 29.0m

  • Width

    70'-100' / 21.3m - 30.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Southern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Dark Salmon, Bronze

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Tan

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Brown, Gray

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes