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PLUMERIA pudica

Image of Plumeria pudica

James Burghardt

Family

Apocynaceae

Botanical Name

PLUMERIA pudica

Plant Common Name

Bridal Bouquet, White Frangipani

General Description

Bridal bouquet is a semi-evergreen small tree native to Columbia, Venezuela and Curaçao. The branches and stems are thin for a Plumeria, weak and tend to break in high winds. The multiple stems form close to the ground and have an upright shape. The bark is tender and when cut or broken exudes, sticky, white sap which is an irritant.

Leaves are large, fiddle or spoon-shaped, almost sessile – without a stalk and hold on the trunk for a full plant. The large flowers sometimes appear before the leaves, summer through autumn and are held in branched clusters at the stem tips. Individual flowers are funnel-shaped ending in large, petal-like lobes which overlap to the left. The tubular part of the flower is long and attached to a thick flower stalk. Bridal bouquet flowers are waxy and unlike other frangipani are not typically fragrant. The color is white with a yellow or light green throat. The fruit is a two-part follicle with winged seeds inside.

Grow bridal bouquet in frost-free locations outdoors or in containers or greenhouses in colder locations. It grows best in well-drained, rich soil and regular watering except when dormant, usually in the winter. Full sun or high, shifting shade is best for growth and flowering. Give it several hours of very bright light a day for flowering. Use bridal bouquet as an accent tree, a patio container tree and the blooms to make famous Polynesian leis. Often considered the only evergreen frangipani, bridal bouquet will lose foliage in winter if temperatures are chilly; it is fully evergreen only in warm winter tropical areas if soils are not too dry.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 8

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-15' / 3.0m - 4.6m

  • Width

    5'-10' / 1.5m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Latin America and the Caribbean, Caribbean, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Light Green

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Chocolate, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Yellow Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No