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PLUMERIA rubra f. acutifolia

Image of Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia

Family

Apocynaceae

Botanical Name

PLUMERIA rubra f. acutifolia

Plant Common Name

Sharp-leaved Frangipani

General Description

Pagoda tree or the sharp-leaved frangipani is a deciduous tree native to Mexico and Central America. The branches and stems are thick and fleshy, but weak and tend to break in high winds. The bark is tender and when cut or broken exudes, sticky, white sap which is an irritant. The leaves are large, leathery, arranged alternately on the stem at the ends of the branches and showy. The large flowers sometimes appear before the leaves, summer through autumn and are held in branched clusters at the stem tips. Individual flowers are funnel-shaped ending in large, petal-like lobes which overlap to the left. The tubular part of the flower is long and attached to a thick flower stalk. Frangipani flowers are waxy, delightfully fragranced and have a heavy substance. Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia produces blooms that are white with a yellow center and are sometimes blushed with pink. The fruit is a two-part follicle with winged seeds inside.

Grow frangipani in frost-free locations outdoors or in containers or greenhouses in colder locations. They prefer well-drained, rich soil and regular watering except when dormant, usually in the winter. Full sun or high, shifting shade is best for growth and flowering. They need several hours of very bright light a day for flowering. Use frangipani as an accent tree, a patio container tree and the blooms to make famous Polynesian leis.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-30' / 3.0m - 9.1m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean, Caribbean, Central America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Pink

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Chocolate, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No