Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

PLUMERIA

Image of Plumeria

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Apocynaceae

Botanical Name

PLUMERIA

Plant Common Name

Frangipani

General Description

The showy, delightfully fragrant flowers of these tropical American trees and shrubs are often seen in greenhouses, warm-climate gardens, and Hawaiian leis. The large, waxy, funnel-shaped flowers have broadly flaring white, yellow, pink, or red lobes and contrasting yellow or white throats. Bloom occurs mainly in summer and fall, but also sporadically at other seasons. Long pods containing plumed seeds follow the flowers. The thick fleshy branches and stems are weak and prone to breakage. Their fragile bark exudes sticky caustic white sap when cut or broken. The large leathery leaves occur primarily at the branch tips and are shed in winter, the time of the tropical dry season. Most commonly grown is Plumeria rubra, a sprawling, sparsely branched tree or shrub with pink or red yellow-eyed flowers. Plumeria pudica, the bridal veil frangipani, produces white flowers and has an upright shape.

Plant plumerias in frost-free gardens; elsewhere grow them under cover. They prefer rich well-drained soil and regular watering while in leaf. Full sun or high shifting shade is best for growth and flowering. They need several hours of bright light a day for flowering. Use these tender plants as an accent, patio, or greenhouse tree, or in a large container wintered indoors.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Width

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean, Caribbean, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Purple, Gold, Pink, Rose, Coral, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Chocolate, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No