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Podocarpus is a large genus of over 100 species of evergreen trees and shrubs native to the sub-tropical and tropical regions of the world. The plants are coniferous, bearing reproductive cones and mostly dioecious which means male and female cones are produced on separate plants. The male flowers are yellow or red on catkin-like (pendent flower spikes) cones borne among the leaves or at the ends of the branches. The female flowers are green and produced on scaly cones. The fruit is fleshy, surrounding a single hard seed and often red and purple in color which attracts birds. The leaves are linear to oval to elliptical with a single, prominent midvein and often spirally arranged around the stem. Some Podocarpus are used as timber sources; others are popular as landscape plants. Popular garden and landscape species include Podocarpus macrophyllus also known as the Buddhist Pine or Southern Yew, Podocarpus salignus, the Willow-leafed Podocarpus from Chile and Podocarpus nivalis, a rounded shrub from New Zealand.
Podocarpus are generally long-lived and slow-growing. Most prefer well-drained soil which is fertile and moist. However, they tend to be very tolerant of most conditions that are not wet. Full sun is best, though a bit of shade is tolerated. Though many Podcarpus are drought tolerant, they are native to areas of abundant rainfall and high humidity and grow best with regular watering or rain. They can be damaged by extreme, extended cold and may be grown under glass or in containers where not hardy. Many of the species are very prunable.Podocarpus are useful as large trees, hedges, screens, barriers and bonsai.
12 - 7
7 - 11
H1, H2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
6'-100' / 1.8m - 30.5m
6'-30' / 1.8m - 9.1m
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Yellow, Red, Green
Green, Dark Green
Sienna, Chocolate, Gray
Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical
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