Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Gerald L. Klingaman
Few hardy ferns offer the winter beauty of the evergreen Christmas fern. A native of the eastern half of North America, this forest dwelling beauty naturally exists on upland and lowland sites, so it will tolerate rocky outcrops and dry shade as well as moist, fertile stream side locations. Its adaptability and lush beauty make it an ideal hardy fern for woodland gardens and shaded rockeries.
The deep green fronds of this fern form dense, upright, radial clumps and are comprised of many simple, lance-shaped pinnae (leaflets). The narrow pinnae at the tips are fertile and their spores that mature by midsummer. Light brown scales line the base of the leaves. Older leaves tend to look ragged and should be removed before the new fronds unfurl in spring.
Christmas fern prefers locations with partial sun to full shade and fertile soil with average to good drainage. Any temperate woodland garden would benefit from the addition of this attractive fern. Wild populations occur in ground blanketing groups, so it is also an ideal groundcover.
8 - 1
3 - 8
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Partial Shade, Full Shade
12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm
18"-36" / 45.7cm - 91.4cm
North America, Northeastern United States
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Green, Dark Green
Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall
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