Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

POPULUS fremontii

Image of Populus fremontii

James H. Schutte

Family

Salicaceae

Botanical Name

POPULUS fremontii

Plant Common Name

Fremont's Cottonwood

General Description

The cottonwood tree is one of the most enduring icons of the American West. Its range extends from the Midwestern plains to the Pacific Coast, with the trees concentrated at or close to rivers and creeks. It is often the only broadleaf tree in the dry regions of the Southwest. Golden fall color and a compatibility with livestock have made this one of the mot popular ranch trees west of the Rockies.

Cottonwood has both male and female trees. The females produce the cottony mass of fibers associated with its seeds, which many consider a nuisance in cultivated gardens. The remedy is planting a cutting-grown male clone.

The cottonwood is fast-growing and may be started easily from cuttings inserted into damp ground. It is a naturally fibrous-rooted water seeker, which can be problematic close to water pipes and septic systems. This is a naturally adapted wildlife tree that is valuable for holding soil on river banks and dry washes, and for windbreaks.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    40'-80' / 12.2m - 24.4m

  • Width

    40'-50' / 12.2m - 15.2m

  • Native To

    Central United States, Western United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Poorly Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site, Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gold

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes