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PRUNUS persica 'Surecrop'

Image of Prunus persica var. nucipersica 'Surecrop'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PRUNUS persica var. nucipersica 'Surecrop'

Plant Common Name

Nectarine, Surecrop Nectarine, Yellow Freestone Nectarine

General Description

Popular in commercial orchards and home gardens, ‘Surecrop’ is a generous producer delicious, red-blushed nectarines which ripen in mid- to late summer. Its sweet, succulent flesh bears mild acidity and separates easily from the pit, making it ideal for both canning and fresh eating. The tasty fruit is preceded by a showy spring display of fragrant, pink flowers. A self-fertile variety, it does not require a second pollinator tree in order to bear a crop.

Closely related to the peach, nectarines are bred from the same species originating in China and feature smooth rather than fuzzy skin. As with peaches, these medium-sized, deciduous trees require sufficient winter chilling hours in order to bear fruit, however their early blooms may be susceptible to killing frosts in colder areas. After flowering, they bear curved, lance-shaped, bright green foliage which turns yellow in the fall.

Plant nectarines in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil which receives regular moisture. Periodic fertilizing is beneficial for good fruit production. The trees also require heavy pruning, which should be done annually during the dormant season. Removal of fallen leaves and diseased wood helps to deter the spread of the fungal diseases peach leaf curl and brown rot.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Width

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Corky

  • Usage

    Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes