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PRUNUS 'Toka'

Image of Prunus 'Toka'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PRUNUS 'Toka'

Plant Common Name

Plum, Toka Plum

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A robust and productive plum tree perfect for both ornamental and fruit use, 'Toka' bears pretty white springtime flowers followed by sweet but spicy red fruits in late summer. A hybrid small deciduous tree, it was developed by the South Dakota Experimental Station in 1911. It abundantly produces pollen as well, making it a great tree for pollination of other plum cultivars in an orchard.

Flowering with pale silvery-blue to white blossoms in early spring prior to new leaves emerging, 'Toka' is very ornamental. Pollinated by bees, the blossoms will ripen by the latter half of midsummer to reddish bronze fruits with a sweet but spicy flesh that is light golden yellow. It is considered a freestone plum. In autumn the tapering oval leaves can attain blushes of bronze and orange.

Grow the upright-shaped Toka plum in full to partial sun in any fertile, well-draining but moist soil that is not overly alkaline in pH. Tolerant of cold and drought, it will look healthier if protected from prolonged, intense dryness. Already a heavy flowering and self-pollinating fruit tree, increased fruit crops are guaranteed with more than one 'Toka' in a clustered orchard grove. Use it as either an ornamental lawn tree or designated fruit tree in an edible garden.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-13' / 3.0m - 4.0m

  • Width

    10'-12' / 3.0m - 3.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Blue, Silver

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Bronze, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No