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PULMONARIA angustifolia

Image of Pulmonaria angustifolia

Jesse Saylor

Family

Boraginaceae

Botanical Name

PULMONARIA angustifolia

Plant Common Name

Narrow-leaved Lungwort

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The deciduous blue lungwort is a plant whose origins are lost in time. Most plants of the genus Pulmonaria originate from Europe and Asia. This perennial is grown for its blue-violet blooms and low growing habit.

Blue lungwort is a clumping plant which spreads slowly via rhizome (underground lateral stem). In early to late spring, leafy bloom stalks appear at the ends of the stems. An abundance of small bell-shaped flowers with spreading petals are held in branched clusters above the foliage. Flower color is blue. Small fruits are nutlets and follow the flowers.

Lovely mounding plants produce basal rosettes (ground-level arrangement of leaves around a plant's central stem where it joins the roots) of elliptical narrow leaves. The leaves are hairy and dark green. There are several cultivated varieties which bear flowers in shades of blue, white or pink and leaves which may be stippled, spotted or marked with silver. Fast-growing, the plants form dense clumps which should be divided in the fall when crowded.

This perennial prefers moist, shaded conditions. It is easy to grow and thrives in rich organic soils with good drainage. Lungworts grow best where summers are and soil is cool. Regular watering is necessary particularly when the weather is hot and dry. Mulch them well to conserve moisture, cool the soil and suppress weeds.

Pulmonaria is usually early in growth and bloom. They are attractive mixed with shrubs, hostas and spring bulbs. Use them as a groundcover, under taller plants as accent, as edging and in front borders. Blue lungwort is a good choice for woodland gardens.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    10"-12" / 25.4cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    10"-18" / 25.4cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Blue

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes