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PULMONARIA longifolia

Image of Pulmonaria longifolia

James H. Schutte

Family

Boraginaceae

Botanical Name

PULMONARIA longifolia

Plant Common Name

Long-leaved Lungwort

General Description

This hardy herbaceous perennial is grown for its violet-blue spring blooms and attractive, low growing clumps of mottled, long, linear leaves. It originates from regions of Western Europe from southern Britain to Portugal where it inhabits lightly shaded woodlands and scrubby fields.

Long-leaved lungwort is a clump forming plant that produces basal rosettes of long, narrow, elliptical leaves of deep green. The leaves are hairy, rough and often have attractive silvery spotting or mottling. In late winter or early spring, leafy stems topped with clusters of drooping bell-shaped flowers appear just before or with the new foliage. They are violet blue but usually pink in bud. The nutlet fruits that follow are brown and inconspicuous.

Shaded locations with rich, well-drained, organic-rich soils that don’t become too dry are preferable. Excessive exposure to sun and dry conditions cause the leaves to scorch, so regular water is necessary when the weather is unfavorable. If they become too crowded, they can be divided in the fall, though this is seldom necessary. Powdery mildew is a common problem that occurs later in the season when conditions are hot and plants stressed. Pulmonarias often self sow but not aggressively.

This is a great foliage plant that compliments many other perennials for shade. It is a good choice for woodland gardens and looks great planted with hellebores, colorful sedges and ferns.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    10"-12" / 25.4cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Western Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink, Blue Violet

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Gray Green, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green, Dark Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes