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PYRACANTHA angustifolia (GNOME®)

Image of Pyracantha angustifolia 'Gnozam' (GNOME®)

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PYRACANTHA angustifolia 'Gnozam'(GNOME®)

Plant Common Name

Gnome Firethorn, Narrow-leaved Firethorn

General Description

Gnome firethorn is a compact and hardy selection of pyracantha, better suited to colder winters and more resistant to fireblight, a common disease in the species. The dark green, bushy form of this Narrow-leaved Firethorn wonderfully contrasts with the white flowers and orange-colored fruits. The parent species hails from western China and is named for its comparatively narrow oval or oblong leaves that are grayish on the undersides. In early to midsummer, the nastily-thorned branches are covered in thousands of small, malodorous white blossoms that give way to a profusion of brilliant, orange berries in the fall. Birds relish the fruits as a snack. Once the leaves drop in autumn, the shrub remains ablaze with the fruits well into winter.

Also known as ‘Gnozam,’ Gnome needs a well-drained soil and full to partial sun for best performance. It is amazingly tolerant of a wide variety of soils and exposures once established. Often utilized as a dense and impenetrable hedge or screen, 'Gnozam' is also suited by its stature as a manageable garden specimen, and is especially vivid when the fruits are seen in front of dark evergreens. It is a breathtaking espalier for any hot foundation wall. In some warm climates across the globe, this species is quite invasive, displacing native plants.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Width

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Orange, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green, Gray

  • Bark Color

    Purple, Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes