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PYRACANTHA fortuneana

Image of Pyracantha fortuneana

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PYRACANTHA fortuneana

Plant Common Name

Chinese Firethorn

General Description

A native of western China, Chinese firethorn is an upright, evergreen shrub planted for heavy crops of brilliant orange-red berries that appear in fall. Its dense, dark green, glossy foliage develops red-brown hues in fall and winter. In spring, plants bear clusters of white flowers that develop into orange-red fruits that resemble miniature apples.

Chinese firethorn prefers full sun and is adaptable to a wide range of well drained soils. It is versatile, and can be planted as informal hedging, in shrub borders or trained as an espalier or bonsai specimen.

This plant self-sows abundantly in favorable climates, and is considered a noxious weed in parts of Australia. It is sometimes offered under the name Pyracantha crenatoserrata.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    10'-12' / 3.0m - 3.7m

  • Width

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Crimson, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Dark Green, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes